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Test Code DHES1 Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate, Serum


Specimen Required


Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 0.6 mL


Secondary ID

113595

Useful For

Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of hyperandrogenism (in conjunction with measurements of other sex steroids)

 

An adjunct in the diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia

 

Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of premature adrenarche

Method Name

Immunoenzymatic Assay

Reporting Name

Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate, S

Specimen Type

Serum

Specimen Minimum Volume

0.5 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days
  Frozen  30 days

Reject Due To

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia OK

Reference Values

MALES

1-14 days: DHEA-S levels in newborns are very elevated at birth but will fall to prepubertal levels within a few days.

Tanner Stages* 

Mean

Age

Reference Range (mcg/dL)

Stage I

>14 days

11-120

Stage II

11.5 years

14-323

Stage III

13.6 years

5.5-312

Stage IV

15.1 years

29-412

Stage V

18.0 years

104-468

*Puberty onset (transition from Tanner stage I to Tanner stage II) occurs for boys at a median age of 11.5 (±) 2 years. For boys, there is no proven relationship between puberty onset and body weight or ethnic origin. Progression through Tanner stages is variable. Tanner stage V (adult) is usually reached by age 18.

18-30 years: 105-728 mcg/dL

31-40 years: 57-522 mcg/dL

41-50 years: 34-395 mcg/dL

51-60 years: 20-299mcg/dL

61-70 years: 12-227 mcg/dL

≥71 years: 6.6-162 mcg/dL

FEMALES

1-14 days: DHEA-S levels in newborns are very elevated at birth but fall to prepubertal levels within a few days.

Tanner Stages* 

Mean

Age

Reference Range (mcg/dL)

Stage I

>14 days

16-96

Stage II

10.5 years

22-184

Stage III

11.6 years

11-296

Stage IV

12.3 years

17-343

Stage V

14.5 years

57-395

*Puberty onset (transition from Tanner stage I to Tanner stage II) occurs for girls at a median age of 10.5 (±) 2 years. There is evidence that it may occur up to 1 year earlier in obese girls and in African American girls. Progression through Tanner stages is variable. Tanner stage V (adult) is usually reached by age 18.

18-30 years: 83-377 mcg/dL

31-40 years: 45-295 mcg/dL

41-50 years: 27-240 mcg/dL

51-60 years: 16-195 mcg/dL

61-70 years: 9.7-159

≥71 years: 5.3-124 mcg/dL

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; 6 a.m.-12 a.m.

Saturday; 6 a.m.-6 p.m.

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Test Classification

This test has been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

82627

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
DHES1 Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate, S 2191-5

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
DHES1 Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate, S 2191-5

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a General Request (T239) with the specimen.